The toxicities can be grouped into categories such as pigmentary retinopathies, crystalline retinopathies, retinal vasculopathies, and retinopathies characterized by retinal edema or folds. Here we present a case of topiramate (Topamax, Ortho-Mc Neil Neurologics) causing transient angle closure and retinal folds. Adverse reactions of hydroxychloroquine Methotrexate and plaquenil side effects Hair loss side effects plaquenil Aug 06, 2014 Hydroxychloroquine, sold under the brand name Plaquenil Sanofi-Aventis, is an antimalarial drug that has gained widespread use in treating various autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. 1 By some estimates, more than 150,000 patients are on long-term therapy with this medication in America alone. 2 Retinal toxicity associated with HCQ use is. Retinal toxicity is a very rare side effect of the hydroxychloroquine therapy, but when it has occurred, vision loss may be permanent and may progress even years after the cessation of medication. Patients would be examined every 3 months, then annually, until they are stabled. Symptoms of Plaquenil toxicity are similar to other macular problems and may include Decreased fine vision or difficulty reading. Changes in Color vision. Missing Spots or shadows near the center of the vision. A 26-year-old woman reported to the emergency room with a chief complaint of sudden, painless loss of vision in both eyes. We follow with a review of the literature regarding topiramate toxicity, as well as a brief review of the other major categories of pharmacologic retinal toxicity. Retinal plaquenil toxicity Retinal Screening for Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Toxicity, Retinal toxicity associated with chronic exposure to. Ester c and plaquenilCan plaquenil cause psoriasisDoes hydroxychloroquine cause high blood pressure Retinal toxicity of Plaquenil may manifest itself with subtle disturbances of the retinal pigment epithelium which may eventually lead to complete destruction of the macula in the form of bull’s-eye maculopathy. Several risk factors may increase the likelihood of retinal toxicity from Plaquenil such as. The Risk of Retinal Toxicity with Plaquenil - Sjogren's. Plaquenil Toxicity Screening - Retina Group of New York. Retinal Physician - Hydroxychloroquine Maculopathy An.. Newer guidelines state that daily dose 5mg/kg of real weight/day can lead to toxicity. Retinal toxicity is irreversible and can progress after cessation of hydroxychloroquine, thus early screening is important to limit potential vision loss. Baseline screening and annual screening after five years is recommended. Although the incidence of macular toxicity is infrequent with Plaquenil use at a dosage of 200mg or 400mg q.d. its visual impact can be devastating. 2,3. The associated classic retinal toxicity is described as a bull’s eye maculopathy ring of depigmented retinal pigment epithelium that spares the foveal area. Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy Retinal toxicity from chloroquine CQ and its analogue, hydroxychloroquine HCQ, has been recognized for many years. Chloroquine toxicity remains a problem in many parts of the world, but is seen less frequently in the United States where the drug largely has been.